The criminal law is such law that regulates the method of punishing the felon and the method of imposing the legal sanctions against him; especially, the forbidden and allowed acts; so that each crime shall have specific and determined punishment. In addition, it is also called as the penal law, which branch of the jurisprudence that is related to the crimes. In addition, the criminal law is also known as set of the laws and legislations set out by the state against any behavior threatens the security, safety and public interest, so that deterring punishments are being legislated and enacted for the violators of these laws.
Means of execution of sanctions of the criminal law:
Retribution: it is deemed as one of the worst punishments of the offender or violator, which is based on the idea “the killer shall be killed”; i.e. the imposition of the execution sanction against the felon. Deterrence: the purpose of this sanction is to deter the felon himself; i.e. imposing sanctions against him with purpose of inhibiting his will in order not to commit a criminal act. Disablement: it is a method aims at removing the felon from the community, where he lives to protect the people from his evil and this is represented in the sanction of life imprisonment. Rehabilitation: it is the method that aims at transferring the felon into an active person with purpose of avoiding the occurrence or commitment of any other crimes by attempt of convincing the felon with the gravity of the crime or the mistake committed by him and the influence thereof on the community. Compensation: this method depends on compensating the victim; i.e. the felon repairs what he has damaged for the victim, for example, when a person embezzles an amount, he shall pay the amount embezzled by him.
Some criminal laws:
- Guilty act: it is law specialized in the material elements resulted from the crime.
- Guilty mind: it is law specialized in the mental elements resulted from the crime.
- Take strict responsibility: it is described as the civil or criminal responsibility disregarding the intention of act of the guilty, because some crimes do not require specific intention in order to commit the same; i.e. the criminalization of the guilty is limited to his acts instead of proving his intention to commit the mistake and they aren’t crimes, but civil punishments enacted by the laws; such as the traffic violations.
Crimes of murder: it is a misdemeanor that can’t be forgiven or disregarded by the law and the criminal law often targets the committers of these crimes. In the legislations, the crimes are classified into degrees according to the ugliness and the severity of the crime and thus it will be in the first degree. In addition, the intention of the felon to commit the crime is considered to prove the crime (intended murder) and there is (unintended murder), which is in less degree and depends on the lack of intention of the felon to commit the murder, which could be caused by exciting the killer, or he lost his mental powers.